Most Effective Treatment For Narcotic Addiction
Do you know that no one ever dies of addiction? The body only goes through physical withdrawal when the drug is not present in the bloodstream. However, many people lose their lives to this epidemic, either directly or indirectly, from overdoses and other health-related problems. Addiction can be treated, and there are many successful methods for doing so. The most effective treatment options available are:
MEDICALLY SUPERVISED DETOXIFICATION
Withdrawal symptoms are very severe but they subside quickly after going through the process with proper medical help. This step involves giving substitute drugs like Methadone, Suboxone among others, to control cravings and prevent further damage to the brain and body. Some patients may need sedatives as well to calm them down during withdrawal phases.
The most common are contingency management and cognitive-behavioral therapy, where therapists help addicts understand their addiction and teach them better coping mechanisms for life without drugs. They also monitor progress closely and provide aftercare referrals if needed.
There are many types of medications that can be used to treat addiction, depending on the severity of abuse; some examples are:
a. Naltrexone blocks opioid receptors from being activated by opioids such as heroin or morphine, which helps in reducing cravings gradually but does not have any effect on withdrawal symptoms. It is mostly taken daily with Methadone or buprenorphine to prevent it from wearing off prematurely, preventing any unwanted drug-seeking behavior.
b. Methadone prevents withdrawal symptoms very well and is used by most patients who start with heroin or morphine; it also helps with cravings to prevent further abuse. It’s mostly taken orally as a pill and can be dangerous when not taken at the right dosage or frequency because it can cause respiratory failure if taken too much.
However, it is less abused by users compared to other opioids, which have caused a major decrease in heroin-related deaths. Some recreational drug abusers seek Methadone as an alternative because of its similar effects, such as euphoria, but this act has put many lives in danger more than helping them fight addiction due to lack of medical supervision
c. Buprenorphine: This medication reduces cravings without causing withdrawal symptoms, helps with managing opioid addiction, and is available combined with naloxone to be taken orally. Naloxone can have some side effects but is not very severe for the user.
Since buprenorphine/naloxone blocks opioids from being activated in the brain, other types of drugs such as cocaine or benzodiazepines cannot activate their receptors either, so combining this medication into a cocktail will not be fatal unless high enough doses are taken within a short period of time.
d. Clonidine: It is frequently prescribed due to its ability to reduce cravings and relieve withdrawal symptoms like nausea, vomiting, insomnia, etc. It’s usually used for alcohol dependence alongside behavioral therapies
and other medications.
e. Gabapentin: It’s prescribed for alcohol, cocaine, and opioid dependence because it reduces cravings and also helps with mood swings in patients who struggle to be clean after abusing these drugs for a while.